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What is the Feast of Tabernacles
"All the men of your nation are to come to worship the LORD three times a year at
the one place of worship: at Passover, Harvest Festival, and the Festival
of Shelters." Deuteronomy 16:16
In this reading God gives to the people three festivals, three celebrations, three feasts
that they are to celebrate every year in Jerusalem at the Temple. Now each of these
festivals was an agricultural festival celebrating some stage in the harvest process, but,
and far more importantly,each festival also had a religious significance.
Passover April 14-22 2014
Passover(which for us now is the Easter celebration of the Lamb of Godwho was
slain and raised to life in order to set us free from bondage to sin) was a reminder and
celebration of the redemption from bondage in Egypt, but it also had an agricultural element.
Passover ends with the Festival of First Fruits, where the people bought the first
part of their harvest as an offering to God in anticipation of a good harvest to come.
Jesus was raised from the dead on the day of this festival which is why Paul says
(1Corinthians15:20) "Christ has been raised from the dead,
the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep so that in Christ all will be made alive."
Pentecost: June 8, 2014
The next festival mentioned is the Harvest Festival, also called the Festival of Weeks,
as it took place seven weeks after Passover andFirst Fruits. At the time of Jesus this festival
was known as Pentecost which is a Greek word which means "seven weeks".The Jews
celebrated the harvest and that God had given them everything they
had hoped for when they brought theirfirst fruits.They also remembered on this day
the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. Pentecost became of course the time when God
poured out His Spirit and put His Law into our hearts.
Tabernacles: October 10-15, 2014
The final festival mentioned is the Festival of Tabernacles, and is celebrated at the
end of the harvest season. Passover is in earlypring, Pentecost is in late spring and the
Festival of Shelters or Tabernacles or Booths is in autumn.The Jews at this time remember
that during the 40 years in the wilderness they lived in shelters or tabernacles, hence
its name. The prophet Zechariah says: "Then the survivors from all the nations
that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King,
the Lord Almighty,and to celebrate the feast of Tabernacles." (14:16)
This feast seems to look forward to the time when the Kingdom of God will be
established on earth in all its fullness at Christ's return.So while we as Christians can
look back and see how God has used two of these festivals for His redemptive
purposes and they have in a sense been 'fulfilled', this last one, the feast of
Tabernacles,is one which we still look forward to being fulfilled.
What Tabernacles anticipates
It points to Christ's return when according to the New Testament there will be
a new Jerusalem and God will tabernacle with people: "Behold the Tabernacle of God is
with people and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall
be with them, and be their God." (Rev 21:3)
The Times we are Living in
Can you see that we are now living between the fulfilment of the second and the
third Festivals, between Pentecost, which has been fulfilled, and Tabernacles, which is yet
to be fulfilled? Going back to the harvest calendar, the time between these two festivals
was a time of gathering in the full harvest. No wonder Jesus said to his disciples
and says to us:"You have a saying, 'Four more months and then the harvest.'
But I tell you, take a good look at the fields; the crops are now
ripe and ready to be harvested!"
"The harvest is large, but there are few workers to gather it in.Pray to the owner
of the harvest that he will send out workers to gather in his harvest."
"For the saying is true, 'Someone plants, someone else reaps.' I have sent you to reap
a harvest in a field where you did not work; others worked there,
and you profit from their work."
For Chris and Cedric
This pilgrimage helped us to hear the Lord saying to us again:
"Take a good look at the fields, pray and reap!"
May you be blessed as you journey with us.
Jesus and Tabernacles
After this, Jesus traveled in Galilee; he did not want to travel in Judea, because the
Jewish authorities there were wanting to kill him. The time for the Festival of
Tabernacles was near,.... After his brothers had gone to
the festival, Jesus also went.....On the last and most important day of the festival
Jesus stood up and said in a loud voice,"Whoever is thirsty should come to me,
and whoever believes in me should drink.
As the Scripture says, 'Streams of life-giving water will pour out from his side.' "
Jesus said this about the Spirit, which those who believed in him were going to receive.
(selected verses from John 7).